Soldier dating site
The iron shank was either socketed or, more usually, widened to a flat tang .
A pilum usually weighed between two and four kilograms, with the versions produced during the Empire being somewhat lighter.
However, devices do exist to assist the javelin thrower in achieving greater distance, generally called spear-throwers. A warrior or soldier armed primarily with one or more javelins is a javelineer.
The word javelin comes from Middle English and it derives from Old French javelin, a diminutive of javelot, which meant spear.
Pictorial evidence suggests that some versions of the weapon were weighted with a lead ball at the base of the shank in order to increase penetrative power, but no archaeological specimens have been found.
Recent experiments have shown pila to have a range of about 30 metres, although the effective range is only about 15 to 20 metres.
The peltasts hurled their javelins at the enemy's heavier troops, the hoplite phalanx, in order to break their lines so that their own army's hoplites could destroy the weakened enemy formation.
The javelin is almost always thrown by hand, unlike the bow and arrow and slingshot, which shoot projectiles from a mechanism.
Javelins were often used as an effective hunting weapon, the strap adding enough power to take down large game.
Javelins were also used in the Ancient Olympics and other Panhellenic games.
Each soldier from the Hastati and Principes lines carried two javelins.
This heavy javelin, known as a Pilum (plural "pila"), was about two metres long overall, consisting of an iron shank, about 7 mm in diameter and 60 cm long, with pyramidal head, secured to a wooden shaft.